Employment in Egypt


Egyptian Labour Law has been promulgated by Law No. 12 of 2003 (the “Labour Law”) governs the relationship between employer and any employee working in Egypt regardless of their nationality.

The provisions of the Labour Law cannot be contracted out to the detriment of the employee. In general, the provisions of the Labour Law benefit and protect employees more than their employers. For example, the events of termination of an employment relationship under the Labour Law are very limited. Furthermore, an employee’s accrued right under an employment relationship may not be diminished in a manner that is unfavourable to the employee.

Employee benefits extend to the compulsory national social insurance coverage as well as annual salary increase of a minimum of 7%.  In addition, the Labour Law addresses and regulates employee rights to strike peacefully in relation to their economic, social and professional interests through their labour unions.


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